April 3, 2024
April 3, 2024

Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) has announced that, as of 9:00:00 AM Eastern Time on April 30, 2024, the department will be increasing certain permanent residence (PR) fees.

IRCC notes that this fee increase is being introduced according to Canada’s Immigrant and Refugee Protection Regulations (IRPR), calculated “in accordance with the cumulative percentage increase to the Consumer Price Index for Canada, published by Statistics Canada.”

Discover if You Are Eligible for Canadian Immigration
Changes to PR fees

The following fee increases, which are marked as applicable to the period between April 2024 and March 2026, apply as follows:

ProgramApplicantsCurrent fees (April 2022– March 2024)New fees
(April 2024–March 2026)
Right of Permanent Residence Fee3Principal
applicant and accompanying spouse or common-law partner
Skilled Workers, Provincial Nominee Program, Quebec Skilled Workers, Atlantic
Immigration Class and most economic pilots (Rural, Agri-Food)
spouse or common-law partner
Skilled Workers, Provincial Nominee Program, Quebec Skilled Workers, Atlantic
Immigration Class and most economic pilots (Rural, Agri-Food)
Skilled Workers, Provincial Nominee Program, Quebec Skilled Workers, Atlantic
Immigration Class and most economic pilots (Rural, Agri-Food)
dependent child
 $230 $260
Caregiver Program and caregivers pilots (Home Child Provider Pilot and Home
Support Worker Pilot)
dependent child
Live-in Caregiver Program and caregivers pilots (Home Child Provider Pilot and Home Support Worker Pilot)Principal
$570 $635
Caregiver Program and caregivers pilots (Home Child Provider Pilot and Home
Support Worker Pilot)
spouse or common-law partner
(federal and Quebec)
dependent child
(federal and Quebec)
(federal and Quebec)
spouse or common-law partner
reunification (spouses, partners and children; parents and grandparents; and
other relatives)
Notes from IRCC

IRCC notes that, in addition to dependent children and protected persons (including principal applicants and all accompanying family members), the following groups of applicants are exempt from paying the department’s Right of Permanent Residence (RPR) Fee:

·         Sponsored child (of a principal applicant under the family reunification class) – the child must be under 22 years old and not have a spouse/partner

·         Principal applicants under the humanitarian and compassionate consideration and public policy classes

Note: This fee is normally paid by all permanent residence applicants (except for dependent children and protected persons). Principal applicants in the “humanitarian and compassionate consideration” and “public policy” categories are only exempt from the RPR fee under certain circumstances.


Additionally, IRCC clarifies that “permit holder” class permanent residence applicants are not eligible to include accompanying family members as part of their PR applications. Instead, all individuals eligible for PR through this class must submit their own applications for Canadian PR as a principal applicant.

March 20, 2024
March 20, 2024

The Express Entry system is Canada’s main pathway for economic immigration to the country—this year set to welcome 110,770 new immigrants to the country.

This number is also slated to increase to 117,500 in 2025 and 2026 (each). In light of this reality, newcomers and those considering immigration to Canada may find it important to review eligibility for the programs within the Express Entry system—to not just determine their current eligibility, but how to build it throughout the coming years.

What is Express Entry?

Express Entry is an application management system that oversees three federal Canadian economic immigration programs. These are:

  • The Federal Skilled Workers Program (FSWP);
  • The Canadian Experience Class (CEC); and
  • The Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP).

All three programs have differing eligibility criteria, which applicants must meet to be eligible.

Once candidates are eligible for one of the Express Entry programs, they can enter the Express Entry candidate pool. At this point, they will be assigned a point score, under the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS), based on human capital factors (such as work, language ability, education, and work experience) and impacted by their marital status. Interested people can calculate their CRS score using our interactive calculator.

Immigration Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) holds draws for Express Entry candidates regularly throughout the year. The department invites candidates who meet the minimum cut-off score to apply for Canadian Permanent Residence (PR). The department also recently introduced category-based draws, for those with specific professional experience or language ability that are in demand in Canada. Candidates under any three of the Express Entry programs may be found eligible under these draws.

After receiving an invitation to apply (ITA), and submitting an application, a candidate (now an applicant) must pass all necessary checks and meet the criteria, as presented in their application. If this is successful, they will be granted PR status, and are free to reside in Canada permanently, and to live, work, and study in the country as they please.

What are eligibility requirements for the FSWP?

The FSWP is one of Canada’s main pathways for skilled economic immigrants.

To be eligible under the FSWP, candidates must meet minimum requirements for the program and score at least 67 points based on their human capital factors, under a specific scoring grid for the FSWP. Note that this is a separate score from the CRS score assigned to candidates of all three Express Entry programs, upon entering the Express Entry pool.

In addition to scoring at least 67 points under the FSWP selection factors scoring grid, candidates must:

  • Have at least one year of full-time or equivalent work experience in the last 10 years, in a skilled occupation as classified under the National Occupation Classification (NOC) Training Education Experience and Responsibilities (TEER) level 0,1,2, or 3*.
  • Have validated language ability in either English or French equivalent to a level 7, under the Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) for English, or the Niveaux de compétence linguistique canadiens (NCLC) for French. A level 7 must be scored in all 4 language abilities (writing, reading, listening, and speaking); and
  • Meet settlement funds criteria, based on the number of direct family members (spouse, common-law partner and/or dependent children) even if they are Canadian permanent residents, and are not accompanying you to Canada. This requirement can be waived if the individual applying is currently authorised to work in Canada and has arranged employment in the country.

*Canada uses the NOC system to classify all jobs, while the TEER system (used in conjugation) helps grade the level to which that job is, based on the training, experience, and education required to be eligible, as well as the responsibilities of the job itself.

What are the eligibility requirements for the CEC?

The CEC is a pathway for skilled workers and international students within Canada (or who have worked in Canada) to pursue PR and remain within Canada. These individuals tend to score highly under the CRS for their past Canadian experience and education; as well as higher official language ability, which is usually built up over time in Canada.

To be eligible for the CEC, candidates must:

  • Have obtained at least one year of skilled, professional, or technical work experience in Canada, within 36 months (three years) of the date of the application;
  • Have a minimum CLB or NCLC level of 5 for NOC TEER category 2 or 3 level jobs, or a CLB/NCLC level of 7 for NOC TEER 0, or 1 level jobs; and
  • Plan to live and work outside of Quebec.

CEC candidates are not required to show proof of settlement funds as part of their application.

What are eligibility requirements for the FSTP?

The FSTP is an economic pathway available to newcomers who have experience in an eligible skilled trade.

To be eligible under the FSTP, candidates must:

  • Have at least 2 years of full-time work experience in a skilled trade within the last 5 years before the date of the application;
  • Meet the job requirements for that skilled trade under the NOC;
  • Have a valid job offer of continuous paid, full-time employment (at least 30 hours a week) from up to two employers in Canada, for at least one year OR a certificate of qualification* from a provincial or territorial body in Canada;
  • Provide proof of basic language proficiency constituting at least a level 5 CLB/NCLC for speaking and listening, at least a CLB/NCLC level 4 for reading and writing;
  • Be able to demonstrate the skills and experience, and that they have performed essential duties of their occupation; and
  • Show proof of funds for settlement in Canada, unless currently authorized to work in and employed in the country.
March 18, 2024
March 18, 2024

Often noted for both its cultural diversity and its ethic of multiculturalism, Canada today represents one of the world’s most diverse populations, with Canadian citizens and permanent residents, hailing from all around the world.

One of the strongest communities in Canada is the South Asian community, which has seen substantial growth in the last 20 years. As of the latest census (2021), there are 2.3 million people in Canada of South Asian heritage. Considering that South Asian countries are huge sources of newcomers every year (projected by Statistics Canada to exceed 5 million people in Canada by 2041), South Asian newcomers may want to know where to find people of similar backgrounds throughout the country.

How does Statistics Canada define South Asian?

According to Statistics Canada, the term “South Asian” can be ascribed to individuals from a variety of national backgrounds, including Indians, Pakistanis, Bangladeshis, Bhutanese people, Nepalis, and Sri Lankans. 

Of these groups, Indians were the most populous at 1.3 million people, followed by Pakistanis (303,000 people), Sri Lankans, (132,000), Bangladeshis (75,425), and Nepalis (22,000).

Where do most South Asians live in Canada?

Breaking down the question by province, here are the respective populations of South Asian communities in Canada:

  1. Alberta: 267,375 people;
  2. British Columbia: 428,910 people;
  3. Manitoba: 63,235 people;
  4. New Brunswick: 8,400;
  5. Newfoundland and Labrador: 4,600;
  6. Nova Scotia: 21,345;
  7. Ontario: 1,484,185;
  8. Prince Edward Island: 3,485;
  9. Quebec: 129,000; and
  10. Saskatchewan: 40,760.
Where do most South Asians live in these provinces?

To break down further where members of the South Asian community reside in Canada, we will consider the Census Metropolitan Areas (CMAs) and Census Agglomerations (CAs) in each province where South Asians are the most prevalent.

A CMA or CA are groupings of municipalities around a population center (or core). For example, the CMA of Toronto (with the city of Toronto as its core) includes a multitude of municipalities (cities) that might themselves be confused for CMAs or CAs—such as Mississauga, Brampton, Markham, Caledon, Oakville, Milton, Vaughan, and other cities in the Greater Toronto Area. The diagram below illustrates this:

To see which CMA or CA your city fits into, a quick web search with the following phrase: “(city name) + CMA/CA, Canada” will likely yield results.

Note: All data presented is from Canada’s 2021 National Census, conducted by Statistics Canada.


Ontario is the most populous province for South Asians in Canada, with more than a million people calling the province home.

The five CMAs or CAs in Ontario with the most South Asians were:

  1. Toronto—1.1 million people;
  2. Ottawa—62,095 people;
  3. Kitchener—52,110 people;
  4. Hamilton—47,570 people; and
  5. Oshawa—39,810 people.
British Columbia (B.C.)

B.C. is the second most populous province in Canada for people of South Asian origin. Within the province, the CMAs or CAs with the greatest South Asian populations were:

  1. Vancouver—333,385 people;
  2. Abbotsford—43,855 people;
  3. Victoria—13,405 people;
  4. Kelowna—6,925 people; and
  5. Kamloops—3,885 people.

Alberta was the third most populous province of South Asians in Canada. Across the province, the CMAs and CAs with the biggest South Asian populations were:

  1. Calgary—138,280 people;
  2. Edmonton—109,615 people;
  3. Wood Buffalo—4,310 people;
  4. Lethbridge—2,790 people; and
  5. Red Deer—2,240 people.

In addition to the CMAs and CAs listed above, other CMAs in Canada with the largest South Asian populations include:

  1. Montréal, Quebec: 128,280 people;
  2. Winnipeg, Manitoba: 56,180 people;
  3. Saskatoon, Saskatchewan: 14,560 people;
  4. Regina, Saskatchewan: 14,285 people; and
  5. Halifax, Nova Scotia: 12,925 people;
March 18, 2024
March 18, 2024

Are you a newcomer to Canada, looking to start your job hunt on a strong note?


As you navigate the exciting path of job hunting, one of the important tools you will need is a well-crafted resume. In this article, we’ll explore the key elements of building a strong resume tailored to the Canadian job market.

Understanding the Types of Resumes
Understanding the Types of Resumes

Before diving into the details, let’s go through the different types of resumes commonly used in Canada. The two primary formats are:

  • Chronological Resume: This format highlights your work history, listing your most recent job first and going backward. It’s ideal for those with a strong and continuous work history.
  • Functional Resume: This format emphasizes your skills and qualifications rather than your work history. It’s suitable for those with employment gaps or a diverse skill set.
Useful Tips to Build a Strong Resume
1. Style and Personal Details

Ensure your resume is well-organized and visually appealing for prospective Canadian employers. To do this, be sure to use a clean and professional font, and include essential personal details, front and centre including your name, contact information, and LinkedIn® profile (if applicable).

2. Adapt Your Resume for Each Role
In Canada, one resume does not fit all job applications. Canadian employers give preference to resumes that are tailored to align with specific requirements of the job posting. To do this, take care to highlight the skills, experiences, and accomplishments you have that directly relate to the position to which you are applying
3. Mind the Length

Keep your resume concise and focused. Ideally, limit it to one or two pages. Highlight the most relevant and timely information that highlights your qualifications for the position advertised.

4. Include Volunteer Work

Highlighting your volunteer experiences can demonstrate valuable skills and a commitment to your community. This is particularly beneficial for newcomers with limited Canadian work experience.

5. Use Social Media

Canadian employers widely use LinkedIn to assess candidates. Ensure your profile is complete, professional, and aligned with your resume. Consider including a link to your LinkedIn profile on your resume.

6. Format Carefully

Pay attention to the overall formatting of your resume. Be sure to use some bullet points (but not too many) for easy readability and to maintain a consistent format throughout. Be mindful of the use of fonts, spacing, and section headings.

7. Use Keywords

It’s also recommended to identify keywords and phrases used by the employer in the job posting and incorporate them into your resume. This will enhance your chances of passing through applicant tracking systems (ATS) used by many companies – and making it to the next stage of the hiring process.

8. Proofread Your Resume

Before submitting your resume, be sure to carefully proofread it for spelling and grammatical errors. Consider asking a friend or mentor to review it as well, as a fresh pair of eyes can catch mistakes you might have missed.

March 12, 2024

Immigration Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) has issued invitations to candidates in the second  Express Entry draw this week.

The department issued 975  invitations to apply (ITAs) in a category-based draw for transport occupations.

Candidates required a minimum Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score of 430.

IRCC also issued ITAs on March 12. It was a general draw inviting 2,850 candidates. A general draw considers candidates from all three Express Entry managed programs and uses the CRS as the main eligibility criteria.  

Candidates required a minimum CRS of 525, a decrease of nine CRS points from the previous general draw on February 28 and the lowest minimum CRS for a general draw so far this year.  

There were six draws throughout February inviting 16,110 candidates. The month opened and closed with category-based selection draws for individuals with strong French language proficiency. The first was on February 1 and invited 7,000 candidates with a minimum CRS score of 365. The other took place on February 29 and invited 2,500 candidates with a minimum score of 336, the lowest CRS score in any draw so far this year.

The remaining four draws saw two additional category-based draws. One took place on February 14 and invited 3,500 candidates in healthcare occupations with a minimum CRS of 422. The other was on February 16 and invited 150 candidates in agriculture and agri-food occupations. They required a minimum score of 437.

Finally, IRCC held two general Express Entry draws in February. On February 13, the department invited 1,490 candidates with a minimum score of 535 and 1,470 candidates on February 28. These candidates had a minimum CRS score of 534.


Draw Type

Number of ITAs

Minimum CRS

March 13

Transport occupations



March 12




February 29

French language proficiency



February 28




February 16

Agriculture and agri-food occupations



February 14

Healthcare occupations



February 13




February 1

French language proficiency



January 31




January 23




January 10




What is category-based selection?

Unlike a general draw, in which candidates are considered from all Express Entry managed programs based solely on their CRS score, category-based selection draws target Express Entry candidates who have specific in-demand attributes.

This type of draw was introduced in May 2023 to help with labour shortages within critical sectors of Canada’s workforce. There are six categories through which eligible Express Entry candidates may receive an ITA:

  • Healthcare occupations
  • Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) professions
  • Trades occupations, such as carpenters, plumbers, and contractors
  • Transport occupations
  • Agriculture and agri-food occupations
  • Strong French proficiency

These draws may act as an advantage for candidates who are already in the Express Entry application pool. So far this year, the average CRS score in category-based draws has been lower than it is for general draws.

For example, of the four category-based selection draws, the highest minimum CRS score was 437, and the lowest was 336.

In contrast, no general draw so far in 2024 has had a minimum CRS lower than 534.

What is Express Entry?

Express Entry is an application management system for three of Canada’s most prominent economic immigration programs: the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), the Canadian Experience Class (CEC) and the Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP).

Candidates who self-evaluate that they are eligible for one of these programs can then upload a profile to the IRCC website and receive their Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score. The CRS assigns scores for human capital attributes such as work experience, education, occupation, language ability and age.

Candidates in the Express Entry application pool are ranked against each other according to CRS scores. Those with the highest scores are the most likely to receive an invitation to apply (ITA) for permanent resident status.

Once a candidate receives an ITA, they have 60 days to submit their final application to IRCC.

March 9, 2024

This week three provinces—British ColumbiaOntario, and Saskatchewan—issued invitations to apply (ITA) for permanent residence (PR) under their respective immigration streams.

Candidates were invited under a combination of demographic and labour market streams, with differing criteria for each. In addition, different Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs) utilise varying scoring systems, which result in great variance between cut-off scores for candidates from different provinces.

PNP Results March 2nd – March 8th


On March 7th the Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP) issued 2,104 invitations to healthcare professionals under the Human Capital Priorities stream. Candidates needed a CRS score between 352 and 421 to be invited.

To be invited, candidates needed professional experience under any of the following healthcare professions.

The Human Capital Priorities stream is an Express Entry aligned (or enhanced PNP) stream meaning that candidates within the Express Entry pool may be invited through this pathway. To be eligible candidates must have:

  • a valid Express Entry profile;
  • at least one year of full-time work experience;
  • a bachelor’s, master’s or PhD degree; and
  • Language proficiency of at least Canadian Language Benchmark(CLB) or Niveaux de compétence linguistique canadien (NCLC) level 7 (for English or French respectively).
British Columbia (B.C.)

On March 5th B.C. held both targeted and general draws under the BCPNP, resulting in at least 156 total ITAs.

The province held general draws under five of its different streams, resulting in 54 ITAs. Candidates in the Skilled Worker, Skilled Worker-Express Entry British Columbia (EEBC) option, International Graduate, and International Graduate EEBC option needed a minimum score of 126 to receive invitations. Meanwhile candidates under the Entry Level and Semi-Skilled stream needed a score of 99.

The province also held targeted draws under the Skilled Worker International Graduate (includes EEBC option) stream. These draws targeted candidates with experience in professions that are in-demand within B.C.’s labour market. These were:

  • Childcare—inviting 32 candidates with a minimum score of 70;
  • Construction—inviting 30 candidates with a minimum score of 80;
  • Healthcare—inviting 39 candidates with a minimum score of 70; and
  • Veterinary care—inviting less than 5 candidates with a minimum score of 70.



On March 7th the Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program (SINP) held draws under two of its streams. This was the first SINP draw in more than two months, since December 27th, 2023.

Under the Occupations In-Demand stream, 14 candidates with professional experience in targeted occupations, and a minimum score of 89, were invited.

Under the Express Entry stream, 21 candidates with a minimum score of 89 were invited.

Both streams required candidates to have an education credential assessment (ECA) or be educated in Canada. Under both, candidates needed professional experience in the following professions (given as National Occupation Codes (NOC)).

February 27, 2024

All Canadian permanent residents (PRs) may leave the country, and return, after mailing their citizenship application to Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC).

However, IRCC clarifies that there are certain steps PRs must take to ensure they remain eligible for citizenship while outside Canada.

Specifically, to ensure that they remain eligible for Canadian citizenship, IRCC indicates that PRs must:.

Be a Canadian PR at the time they apply for citizenship

Only Canadian PRs can apply for citizenship. In other words, temporary residents of Canada, including foreign workers and international students, are not eligible to become Canadian citizens.

Continue to meet the residency requirement to maintain PR status

As part of being a Canadian PR, foreign nationals must reside in Canada for a minimum of 730 days over the past five years to maintain their status.

This is what IRCC refers to as the residency requirement for Canadian PRs. Note that the 730 days needed to meet this requirement do not need to be continuous and some time spent outside of Canada may count towards this total.

Maintain PR status until they take the Oath of Citizenship

Further to the residency requirement described above, to remain eligible for Canadian citizenship, Canadian PRs must “not lose PR status before [taking] the Oath of Citizenship.”

Click here to learn about your obligations as a Canadian permanent resident, including additional information about what PRs can and cannot do while residing in Canada.

Travel outside of Canada with their PR card for simple re-entry

Travelling outside of Canada with your PR card will make it much easier to re-enter the country. This is because IRCC requires that Canadian PRs have a valid PR card when returning to Canada by plane, train, bus or boat.

Therefore, Canada’s immigration department advises all PRs to renew their card before leaving Canada if they know it will expire during their travels.

IRCC notes that PR cards can only be renewed in Canada and that the department will not “send PR cards to non-Canadian addresses [or] allow third parties to retrieve them” for an applicant.

Travellers without a valid PR card must apply for and obtain a Permanent Resident Travel Document (PRTD) to re-enter Canada. Unlike PR cards, IRCC only allows PRTDs to be applied for from outside of Canada.

IRCC also indicates that Canadian PRs who attempt to return without either of these documents may be denied entry onto their flight, train, bus or boat travelling to Canada.

Important notes from IRCC regarding the citizenship process for Canadian PRs

IRCC notes that there are certain things Canadian PRs should keep in mind about how the department handles communication with applicants and organizing appointments/events.

For instance, IRCC notes that they “usually only [mail] letters, notices and other documents to addresses in Canada.”

IRCC may also email Canadian immigration applicants. The department emphasizes that recipients of any IRCC “letters or emails [must reply to these communications] within a specified amount of time.”

Failure to do so without providing “an acceptable reason for not being able to keep your appointment [with us] or providing requested information” may result in IRCC deciding to “stop processing [an individual’s] application.”

IRCC also notes that immigration applicants must attend their appointments and events – including their citizenship test, ceremony, interview or hearing – at IRCC offices across Canada.

Applicants who are unable to attend such appointments or events are required to “either email or write to the local office that sent [them] the event notice” and IRCC indicates that applicants can contact the immigration department using this online web form.

February 24, 2024

Today Immigration Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) announced a new immigration pathway for families impacted by the ongoing conflict in Sudan.

The department confirmed that starting February 27th, 2024, it would accept up to 3,250 applications from single applicants or families. This is a new family sponsorship pathway that will grant successful applicants permanent residence (PR). IRCC has confirmed it will waive the right of permanent residence fee and provide free settlement services to individuals who successfully receive PR through this pathway.

Who can apply under this new pathway?

To be eligible for this pathway applicants must:

  1. Have been living in Sudan on April 15th, 2023;
  2. Not have another country to return to other than Sudan or Canada;
  3. Be the child (of any age), grandchild, sibling, parent or grandparent of an eligible anchor*
  4. Provide a statutory declaration from their anchor stating that:
  5. They plan to support you and any family members accompanying you for one year; and
  6. They have not and will not accept any money from you or your family members.
  7. Plan to live in a province or territory other than Quebec; and
  8. Not be admissible for reasons other than financial ones.
  9. In addition to the above criteria, individuals may apply if:
  10. Their spouse or common-law partner is missing, presumed dead, deceased, or can’t leave Sudan;
  11. Their spouse or common-law partner is the child (of any age), grandchild, sibling, parent or grandparent of an eligible anchor willing to support you; and
  12. They meet all other eligibility criteria.

*An anchor is an extended family member who agrees to support you and/or your family during the first year in Canada. They will provide financial assistance, and help you get your basic needs, including housing, food, clothing and other necessities.

Who can be an anchor?

An anchor must:

  1. Be 18 years or older;
  2. Be a Canadian citizen or permanent resident;
  3. Live in Canada (but not in the province of Quebec);
  4. Prove they have enough income/funds to meet the financial requirement.
  5. An anchor cannot be:
  6. In the process or applying to renounce their Canadian citizenship or PR status;
  7. In jail or prison;
  8. Subject to a removal order in Canada;
  9. In default of making a payment on an immigration loan, performance bond or any other amount they are legally bound to pay to the Government of Canada (including deferring payments);
  10. In default of a sponsorship undertaking, support payments or repaying any debt owed to the Government of Canada;
  11. Bankrupt;
  12. Receiving social assistance for any reason other than a disability; and/or
  13. Convicted of a criminal offence listed in the public policy.
How can eligible people apply for this pathway?

Individuals must apply through the PR portal. All necessary documents and forms must be submitted here, including necessary declarations and forms from the anchor.

If an application is found incomplete, it will be returned. In these cases, applicants will have the option to re-apply if the pathway is still open. More information on how to apply can be found here.

Sudanese in Canada

According to data from Census 2021, 17,485 people in Canada claimed Sudan as their country of ethnic or cultural origin. 4,690 of these individuals are recent immigrants to Canada who report Sudan as their country of birth.

February 24, 2024

Last week, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) issued 1,490 Invitations to Apply (ITAs) in an all-program/general Express Entry draw.

This draw, which took place on February 13, issued ITAs to eligible candidates from all three Express Entry-managed programs* who had a minimum Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score of 535.

Express Entry is the application management system used by Canada’s federal government to manage immigration applications for three economic immigration programs: the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), the Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP) and the Canadian Experience Class (CEC).

While IRCC issued over 1,400 ITAs in its latest general draw, the variance in the cut-off CRS score used for each draw means that many candidates who did not receive an ITA from this draw are left wondering what would have made their profiles strong enough to receive an ITA from IRCC.

Using fictional examples, the following will illustrate how candidates with different Express Entry profiles would have made themselves eligible to receive an ITA during IRCC’s draw on February 13, 2024.


Eligibility for general Express Entry draws

Before assessing the hypothetical Express Entry profiles below, it is worth noting that all Express Entry candidates must self-verify their eligibility for any of the three programs managed under Express Entry.

These dedicated webpages can help you understand more about the eligibility requirements for each Express Entry-managed program:

  • Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)
  • Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)
  • Canadian Experience Class (CEC)

Only after verifying their eligibility for one of these programs will candidates be able to create an Express Entry profile and potentially receive an ITA for PR in Canada.

Example profiles of successful ITA recipients

The following showcases Express Entry profiles for three fictional FSWP candidates to illustrate profiles that would have been strong enough to receive an ITA during IRCC’s latest all-program draw.

Elena from Poland

This is what Elena’s Express Entry profile looked like when she entered the candidate pool at 28 years old.

  • Age:28
  • Highest Level of Completed Education:Post-secondary credential of three or more years
  • 2nd Post-Secondary Credential:Yes
  • Study in Canada:No
  • English Proficiency:Eight for all abilities
  • French Proficiency:Four for all abilities
  • Full-Time Skilled Work Experience Outside Canada within the last 10 years:Two years
  • Full-Time Skilled Work Experience Inside Canada within the last 10 years:One year
  • Years Worked In Canada During the Last Three Years:One to Three years
  • Marriage/Common-Law Partnership:No
  • Sibling in Canada (Citizen or Permanent Resident, living in Canada, 18+ years old):Yes
  • Trades Certificate of Qualification:No
  • Provincial Nomination:No
  • Skilled Job Offer from Canadian Employer:Yes
  • Job Offer for Senior Managerial Position:Yes
  • Full-Time Job Offer for Minimum One Year:Yes
  • Job Offer Supported by Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA):Yes

Result: With this profile, Elena’s CRS score was 661. Therefore, Elena’s Express Entry profile was strong enough to earn her an ITA in IRCC’s most recent all-program/general draw.

Joel from the United States of America

Joel entered the Express Entry candidate pool with this profile:

  • Age:32
  • Highest Level of Completed Education:Secondary School credential
  • 2nd Post-Secondary Credential:No
  • Study in Canada:No
  • English Proficiency:10 for all abilities
  • French Proficiency:Less than three for all abilities
  • Full-Time Skilled Work Experience Outside Canada within the last 10 years:Six or more years
  • Full-Time Skilled Work Experience Inside Canada within the last 10 years:None
  • Marriage/Common-Law Partnership:Yes
  • Spouse’s Highest Level of Completed Education:Post-secondary credential of three or more years
  • Spouse’s Study in Canada:No
  • Spouse’s Full-Time Skilled Work Experience Inside Canada within the last 10 years:None
  • Spouse’s English Proficiency:10 for all abilities
  • Spouse’s French Proficiency:Less than three for all abilities
  • Sibling in Canada (Citizen or Permanent Resident, living in Canada, 18+ years old):No
  • “Close Family Member” in Canada (Citizen or Permanent Resident, living in Canada, 18+ years old):No
  • Trades Certificate of Qualification:No
  • Provincial Nomination:Yes
  • Skilled Job Offer from Canadian Employer:No

Result: This profile helped Joel earn an ITA from IRCC on February 13 with a CRS score of 919.

Nadine from South Africa

Nadine entered the Express Entry candidate pool when she was 24 years old. The rest of her profile looked like this:

  • Age:24
  • Highest Level of Completed Education:Post-secondary credential of three or more years
  • 2nd Post-Secondary Credential:No
  • Study in Canada:No
  • English Proficiency:10 for all abilities
  • French Proficiency:Seven for all abilities
  • Full-Time Skilled Work Experience Outside Canada within the last 10 years:Two years
  • Full-Time Skilled Work Experience Inside Canada within the last 10 years:None
  • Marriage/Common-Law Partnership:No
  • Sibling in Canada (Citizen or Permanent Resident, living in Canada, 18+ years old): Yes
  • Trades Certificate of Qualification:No
  • Provincial Nomination:No
  • Skilled Job Offer from Canadian Employer:Yes
  • Job Offer for Senior Managerial Position:No
  • Full-Time Job Offer for Minimum One Year:Yes
  • Job Offer Supported by LMIA:Yes

Result: With the above profile, Nadine earned a CRS score of 543 and was issued an ITA from IRCC during their latest all-program draw.


February 20, 2024

British Columbia, Alberta and Prince Edward Island issued invitations to apply (ITAs) for candidates in several in-demand occupations, through their respective Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs).

The British Columbia Provincial Nominee Program (BCPNP) and the Alberta PNP—formally the Alberta Advantage Immigrant Program (AAIP) are two of the biggest PNPs in Canada. These programs offer immigration streams for experienced entrepreneurs, workers with in-demand skills, international graduates and other newcomers based both in and out of their provinces.

Provincial immigration results February 10th—16th

Note: Provinces and territories implement different scoring systems for their PNPs independent of each other. This results in different scoring grades and criteria, which should not be compared.

1.British Columbia:

This week the BCPNP issued invitations through its Skilled Worker, International Graduate (includes Express Entry British Columbia (EEBC) option)) stream. This stream targets international students who have in-demand skills for British Columbia’s labour market.

The province issued at least 200 ITAs for skilled workers and international graduates across five different in-demand employment sectors. These were:

  1. Childcare—requiring a minimum score of 60 to be invited;
  2. Construction—requiring a minimum score of 75 to be invited;
  3. Healthcare—requiring a minimum score of 60;
  4. Tech—requiring a minimum score of 108; and
  5. Veterinary care—requiring a minimum score of 60.

A full list of in-demand professions in British Columbia can be found here.


On February 6th Alberta issued 44 Notifications of Interest—the equivalent of ITAs under the AAIP—to candidates with professional healthcare experience, through the “Dedicated Healthcare Pathway with Alberta job offer”.

To be invited, candidates had to have healthcare experience within the province and received a job offer from an employer in Alberta. The minimum cut-off score to receive an ITA was 302.

3.Prince Edward Island:

PEI issued 121 Expressions of Interest to candidates Labour and Express Entry candidates in the PEI PNP.

Candidates were considered if they were s working for a PEI Employer and had a minimum EOI score of 65. Over the past 12 months, the province has invited 2,307 candidates with 2,253 Expressions of Interest going to Labour and Express Entry candidates and 54 going to Business Work Permit Entrepreneur.

How can I increase my chances at receiving an invitation under a PNP?

While many PNPs have reserved pathways for those who have some connection to the province (i.e.: having graduated from a Designated Learning Institution (DLI), received a job offer letter, or having personal family ties to someone, in the province or territory of that PNP)—all PNPs have streams for in-demand professions that meet their location’s labour market needs.

Thus, newcomers looking to immigrate to Canada may find some specific benefit to tailoring their professional experience to a province or territory that requires it. In fact, this is a key reason for the existence of PNPs across Canada. Provinces even post in-demand professions to attract newcomers who can fill these crucial labour gaps.

By 2025, PNPs will overtake Express Entry as Canada’s main pathway to welcome new immigrants, signalling their continued importance to the country’s overall economic strategy.

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